There is a current crossover between two similar but slightly different industry acronyms: STEM- Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math; and STEAM- Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, and Math. Although the original acronym was STEM, there has been a recent campaign to add the Arts component because of creativity and artwork that can also connect. The arts component is especially linked to Technology and Engineering branches of STEM. In all cases, these industries offer social impacts and career pathways that continue to grow in success and opportunity.
Examples of STEM/STEAM Careers: Accounting, Aerospace, Computer Sciences, Creative Services (such as film and video), Database Administrators, Biomedical Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Health Sciences, Information Technologies, Mathematician, Mechanical Engineering, Statistician.
Education: More than two-thirds of STEM workers have earned a two or four year college degree.
Growth Outlook: This category is expected to increase an average rate of 17% over the next 10 years compared to 9.9% for other occupations.
Wages: Jobs average $40,000- $65,000 starting wage per year respectively. Wage variance is relative to field and region. Career paths can lead to business ownership and entrepreneurship.
Hours: Hours can vary but many careers follow standard business hours. Employees may frequently work overtime hours, some salaried positions require more than 40 hours per week.
In Demand: Due to job sector growth, STEM careers are in very high demand.
Industry Trends: STEM/STEAM careers cover diverse industries, so where a future STEM employee may want to work can be a consideration for the field they choose.
Trade and skill-based jobs can often be started while completing a high school diploma. To advance further in these careers generally requires specific training, either through internships, on-the-job-training or apprenticeships, certification courses, educational degrees and/or a combination of the above.
Examples of Trade/Skill Careers: Automotive Technologies, Construction, Cosmetology, Creative Services (such as film and video), Culinary Arts, Electrician, Environmental Sciences, Graphic Design, Health Sciences, Interior Design, Medical Technicians, Plumbing, Pipefitting, Welding.
Education Notes: Many careers, such as electricians and various occupations in health science must be licensed and continue with education to remain up to date.
Growth Outlook: This category is expected to increase an average rate of 20% over the next 10 years – double the national average compared to other jobs.
Wages: Labor jobs are generally hourly with rates they vary based on field and region. Management positions can be hourly or salary and also vary based on field and region. Career paths can lead to business ownership and/or entrepreneurship.
Hours: Hours vary and can include weekend and evening hours.
Industry Trends: Skilled trade careers are in high demand due to extreme shortage of new workers. These areas offer excellent opportunities for personal success and career advancement.
Note* Some fields such as Health Sciences and Environmental Sciences can be found in both STEM and Trade/Skill categories due to the nature of the work, and variety of degrees and career pathways.